The Books of 1,2,3 John & Jude
Many scholars now believe that John’s three letters were actually the last books written in the Bible. After John had returned from Patmos (where he received the Revelation) he wrote his gospel, in part to be an intentional rebuttal to the gnostic heresy being bandied about saying that Jesus wasn’t really God. In his gospel John destroys that false doctrine. Probably by now back at Ephesus, where he was the pastor, John continues his defense of the faith with his first letter. John starts by reminding his readers he was an eyewitness, and then proceeds to give us seven contrasts:
1) Light vs. Darkness,
2) The Father vs. The World,
3) Christ vs. Antichrist,
4) Good works vs. Evil works,
5) Holy Spirit vs. the spirit of error,
6) Love vs. pious pretense,
7) Those born of God vs. all others.
It has long been debated who the intended recipient was for John’s second letter. Some have tried to make ‘the elect lady’ a title of the church; but that falls down because she has children & a sister – hardly a fitting model for a ‘chaste virgin’ (2 Cor 11:2). The most plausable answer is that it was Mary. Mary was indeed elect, having been the chosen vessel to bring Christ into the world; and we know that John was intrusted with caring for her (John 19:26). John opens by expressing his love and joy that this womans’ children were walking with the Lord (we know that James and Jude did not believe until after the resurrection). John then focusses on the love that should characterise us, before warning of false teachers who were denying that Jesus was God in the flesh. John says in effect, ‘don’t listen to these people’. If Mary was the recipient, it is no wonder that John seeks to protect her. A key for all of us is v8 – see that we don’t loose our rewards, so remain faithful.
John’s third letter bears similarities to his second in some ways. It is very personal in character, and it carries the same theme of truth. Truth again is presented as all-important. When truth and love come into conflict, truth must survive. Walking in truth is all-important. In the second epistle, John says that the truth is worth standing for, but in this third epistle, John’s emphasis is that the truth is worth working for. Someone has put it like this: “My life in God—that’s salvation. My life with God—that’s communion and fellowship. But my life for God—that’s service.” This epistle deals with my life for God, and it has to do with walking and working in the truth. Love can become very sloppy; it can become misdirected, and it certainly can be misunderstood if it is not expressed within the boundary of truth.
Jude may only be a little one chapter book, but it is a heavyweight in content. Although Jude was a ‘half-brother’ of Jesus, he doesn’t dare to presume such a title, but rather introduces himself as the ‘servant of Jesus and brother of James’ (v1). Whilst Jude expresses his desire to ‘write of our common salvation’ (v3), he is compelled to exhort us to ‘contend for the faith’ (v3) on account of ungodly men that had crept into the church. He compares these ‘tares’ to the rebellious angels (in Gen 6) and the wicked men of Sodom and Gomorrah (Gen 19). We know from Matthew 13 that we are not to uproot these tares, lest we damage the wheat in the process – that is God’s business – but Jude has no hesitation in exposing them and their methods. It is vital that we are aware of their schemes, so as not to be deceived, but we must not become obsessed with them: “But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost, Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life” (20-21).
Categories | BIBLE IN A YEAR | SUNDAY MORNING STUDIES
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